For many women, uterine fibroids pose no risk. However, some women do suffer complications that can result in infertility. If you suspect that you have fibroids, it is important to know the possible symptoms and what treatment options are available. 

What Are Uterine Fibroids?

Uterine fibroids are basically growths on the uterus. They are typically non-cancerous. The growths typically make an appearance during childbearing years. It is highly possible that you do not experience any symptoms or complications from the fibroids. In fact, some women are not aware of the presence of the fibroids until an ultrasound is conducted, usually as part of prenatal care. However, some women do have symptoms.

Common symptoms include heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain, backaches, and trouble urinating. You might also experience menstrual periods that last longer than seven days. If you suffer from any of these symptoms, you should seek medical treatment. 

How Are Uterine Fibroids Treated?

There are several treatment options available for uterine fibroids. Which option your gynecologist recommends depends largely on the severity of the symptoms you are experiencing. If the fibroids were discovered during an ultrasound and you are not experiencing any symptoms, it is likely that your doctor will recommend keeping an eye on the growths. 

However, if you are experiencing symptoms, your doctor will focus on treating the symptom and shrinking the fibroids since they can sometimes grow. For instance, if you have heavy bleeding, you can be prescribed a progestin-releasing intrauterine device. Oral contraceptives can also be used to help regulate your menstrual cycle and reduce the occurrence of heavy bleeding. 

If the medications fail to help, your gynecologist can rely on a non-invasive procedure that uses sound waves to heat and destroy the fibroid. There are also minimally invasive procedures, such as robotic myomectomy, that can be used to completely remove the fibroids. 

In the event that you continue to experience problems or other fibroids grow, your gynecologist can recommend a hysterectomy. The hysterectomy would result in the removal of the entire uterus. During the procedure, you can elect to have your ovaries removed, which would trigger menopause. As a result, you might have to undergo hormone replacement therapy for a period of time. 

There are many other options available to you to treat uterine fibroids. If you are in pain or suffering any other symptoms, work with your gynecologist to find a treatment option that works for you. Click here for more info.